Why is the Bible divided into chapters and verses?

Have you noticed how the Bible is kind of a very large book? Not only are there a lot of pages, but those pages often have tiny print and feel really thin, like tissue paper. The Bible is a collection of literary works written by God (2 Timothy 3:16) through about forty different people over the span of 1,500 years.

Take a moment to think about how long that is. If we were to go back in time 1,500 years, the current year would only be three digits. How different the world was between when the first and last author wrote their sections of the Bible! Today, just 20 or 30 years ago can seem like a totally different world—just think of the times over a millennium ago!

Why is the Bible divided into chapters and verses?

Originally, Scripture was only available to important church ministers. Most common folk didn't have direct, unlimited access to Scripture, and they couldn't read anyway. So there was no pressing reason to have any sort of reference system. That's why the books of the Bible did not have chapters or verses when they were originally written. In the New Testament, you'll find quite a lot of letters, such as the ones written by the apostle Paul. Letters don't usually have chapters in them, right?

All that information, written and compiled over 1500 years—history, stories, poetry, instructions, advice, and more—is a lot to digest. When Bibles became more commonly available, more regular people were able to access it. In order to make Scripture more accessible to all, chapters and verses were introduced. With this system, anyone could reference or find certain passages in Scripture quickly and easily.

Who divided the Bible into chapters and verses?

The first chapter divisions that we commonly use today were developed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Stephen Langton in A.D. 1227. The first Bible to use this chapter pattern was the Wycliffe English Bible of 1382.

Two different people further divided Scripture into verses. First, there was a Jewish Rabbi named Nathan who, in A.D. 1448, divided the Old Testament into verses. Then in 1555, a man by the name of Robert Estienne, who was also known as Stephanus, divided up the New Testament into verses. The Geneva Bible, first published in 1560, was the first Bible to have both chapter and verse divisions. Since then, these reference points have been accepted into almost all Bible versions.

As you read and learn from your Bible, it's important to keep in mind that these divisions are simply tools to help us study, but they aren’t original to the text. Yes, they are great for helping us find a specific phrase or story we're looking for quickly, but sometimes the author’s flow of thought goes beyond where the chapter ends. That's another reason why it's important to study the Bible in context.

The Bible is God's love letter to us and is "profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness" (2 Timothy 3:16). Having chapter and verse reference points helps us be more efficient and effective when we're trying to find specific Scriptures.


The Bible was not originally divided into sections the way it is today. Biblical scholars later broke down Scripture into chapters and verses to make God's Word more accessible to everyone. With this reference system, we can more efficiently and effectively find and refer to individual passages and keep everyone on the same page.

Writer: Heidi Joelle

Heidi Joelle spends her days staring at paperwork and making sure it is where it is supposed to be, how it is supposed to be, when it is supposed to be. And then she comes home and makes sure the porky little dog isn't eating a trashcan. Between these two events, she tries to learn and see as much of the world around her as possible. 

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